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Many kinds of sport originated from England. The English have a proverb, ‘All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy”. They do not think that play is more important than work; they think that Jack will do his work better if he plays as well, so he is encouraged to do both. Football, or soccer, is one of the most popular games in the British Isles played from late August until the beginning of May. In summer the English na­tional sport is cricket. When the English say: ‘that’s not cricket’ it means ‘that’s not fair’, ‘to play the game’ means ‘to be fair’.

Golf is Scotland’s chief con­tribution to British sport. It is worth noting here an inte­resting feature of sporting life in Britain, namely, its fre­quently close con­nection with the so­cial class of the players or spectators except where a game may be said to be a ‘national’ sport. This is the case with cricket in Eng­land which is played and watched by all classes. This is true of golf, which is everywhere in the British Isles a middle-class activity. Rugby Union, the amateur variety of Rugby football, is the Welsh natio­nal sport played by all sections of society whereas, elsewhere, it too is a game for the middle classes. Foot­ball is a working-class sport as are boxing, wrestling, snooker, darts and dog-racing. As far as fishing is con­cerned it is, apart from being the most popular British sport from the angle of the number of active par­ticipants, a sport where what is caught deter­mines the class of a fisherman. If it is a salmon or trout it is upper-class, but if it is the sort of fish found in canals, ponds or the sea, then the angler is almost sure to be working-class.

Walking and swimming are the two most popular sport­ing activities, being almost equally undertaken by men and women. Snooker (billiards), pool and darts are the next most popular sports among men. Aerobics (keep-fit exercises) and yoga, squash and cycling are among the sports where par­ticipation has been increasing in recent years.

There are several places in Britain associated with a particu­lar kind of sport. One of them is Wimbledon — a suburb to the south of London where the All-England Lawn Tennis Cham­pionships are held in July (since 1877). The finals of the tourna­ment are played on the Centre Court. The other one is Wembley — the stadium in north London where international foot­ball matches, the Cup Finals and other events have taken place since 1923. It can hold over 100,000 spectators. The third one is Derby, the most famous flat race in the English racing calen­dar, which has been run at Epsom near London since 1780.


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