Школяр України

Lessons 10-11 (p.54-119), UNIT 2, Англійська Мова 8 клас, А.М.Несвіт

Ex. З, p. 54

1. T. 2. F. 3. F. 4. T. 5. T. 6. T.

Ex. 5, p. 55

1. If he trains a lot he can win the school running competition. He can win the school running competition if he trains a lot.

2. If I can't solve this problem I can ask my teacher for help. I can ask my teacher for help if I can't solve this problem.

3. If you look tired why don't you have a rest? Why don't you have a rest if you look tired?

4. If our class wins the school basketball competition we get a prize. We get a prize if our class wins the school basketball competition.

5. If they keep the school rules they are good students. They are good students if they keep the school rules.

6. If Ann gets higher test scores she is a monitor of our class. Ann is a monitor of our class if she gets higher test scores.

Ex. 6, p. 56

1. Unless you come on time for the lesson you can't hear all the teacher's explanation.

2. Unless you are ready for the lesson you can't answer the teacher's question well.

3. Unless you wear a school uniform you aren't the best student in class.

4. Unless she pass her exam her parents can't be happy.

5. Unless I'm really late my father doesn't drive me to school in his car.

6. Unless we are busy we usually go to the cinema on Sundays.

Ex. 2, p. 58

Mark is 13 years old. He lives in Manchester and goes to a grammar school. Mark has always enjoyed using computers. He started using them three years ago. He uses it to write his English compositions. This year, Mark did very well in his school tests and, as a reward, his parents bought him a modem. A modem allows his computer to 'talk' over the telephone to other computers. Mark uses his modem for a few weeks now. He sends messages to his friends all over the world. He even plays computer games with his friends in Australia.

Ex. 3, p 58

1. If I have time I go to the cine'ma.

2. Unless Sue finishes her homework she can't play computer games.

3. Unless Bill learns the grammar rules he will make mistake.

4. Unless the school holidays start we can't have a rest.

5. If Steve doesn't improve his tests results he can't join the swimming club.

6. Unless they buy a modem they can't surf the internet.

Ex. 1,p. 62

1. "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" was written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

2. "The Lord of the Rings" was written by J. Tolkien.

3. "Oliver Twist" was written by Charles Dickens.

4. "Romeo and Juliet" was written by William Shakespeare.

5. "The Jungle Book" was written by Rudyard Kipling.

6. "Treasure Island*' was written by Robert Louis Stevenson.

7. "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" was written by Joanne Rowling.

8. "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" was written by Mark Twain.

Ex. З, p. 64

1. F. 2. F. 3. F. 4. T.

Ex. 4, p. 64

1. В. 2. С. 3. A. 4. A. 5. С. 6. В.

Ex. 8, p. 64

As far as my inclinations are concerned, I am keen on reading in general and on reading science fiction in particular. I am mad about English. Everybody says that I am a good mixer; I am easy to get on with. This makes me think that my profession may have something to do with people. I like people, people with ideas, interesting people. I hope that in future 1*11 be lucky to meet good, kind, clever people in my life.

Ex. 8, p. 64

As far as my inclinations are concerned, I am keen on reading in general and on reading science fiction in particular. I am mad about English. Everybody says that I am a good mixer; I am easy to get on with. This makes me think that my profession may have something to do with people. I like people, people with ideas, interesting people. I hope that in future 1*11 be lucky to meet good, kind, clever people in my life.

Ex. 6, p. 68

1. Will be shown. 2. Will be built. 3. Will be met. 4. Will be told. 5. Will be given. 6. Will be published.

Ex. 8, p. 69

1. Will be discussed. 2. Will be taken. 3. Will be written. 4. Will be made. 5. Will be used. 6. Will be included. 7. Will be visited.

Ex. 6, p. 80

1. Was made. 2. Will be returned. 3. Was studied. 4. Learned, studied. 5. Is, have emained. 6. Have you read.

Ex. З, p. 83

1. T. 2. F. 3. F. 4. T. 5. F.

Ex. 1, p. 84

1. T. 2. T. 3. T.

Ex. З, p. 84

1. В. 2. В. 3. А. 4. В.

Ex. 1,p. 87

1. Will be learned. 2. Will be written. 3. Will be given. 4. Will be published. 5. Will be visited. 6. Will be drawn.

Ex. 3, p. 87

Ernest Hemingway, an American writer, was born on July 21, 1899. His parents have encouraged his many creative beginnings. His mother taught him music and took him to concerts, art galleries and operas. His father taught him practical skills, like how to build fires, how to use an axe, and how to tie fishing flies.

By the age of three, he knew stories about many great men in American history, and he collected cartoons of the Russian-Japanese war. He belonged to a nature study group. Ernest liked writing and could spell well. His parents taught him to value physical courage.

Ernest showed an interest in writing when he was 12. He wrote stories about heroes having high-action adventures. In high school he wrote for the school's weekly newspaper. He also took up canoeing. His motto was 'be afraid of nothing'.

Ernest was an unusual child. No one was too surprised when he grew up to be an exceptional writer.

Ex. 5, p. 88

Samuel Langhorne Clemens, «Mark Twain», was bom in Florida, Missouri on November 30, 1835 to a Tennessee country merchant, John Marshall Clemens and Jane Lampton Clemens. He was the sixth of seven children. He was born two weeks after the closest approach to Earth of Halley's Comet.

When Twain was four, his family moved to Hannibal a port town on the Mississippi River that would serve as the inspiration for the fictional town of St. Petersburg in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. At that time, Missouri was a slave state in the Union, and young Twain became familiar with the institution of slavery, a theme he later explored in his writing.

In March 1847, when Twain was 11, his father died of pneumonia. The following year, he became a printer's apprentice. In 1851, he began working as a typesetter and contributor of articles and humorous sketches for the Hannibal Journal, a newspaper owned by his brother, Orion. When he was 18, he left Hannibal and worked as a printer in New York City, Philadelphia, St. Louis and Cincinnati. He joined the union and educated himself in public libraries in the evenings, finding wider sources of information than he would have at a conventional school. At 22, Twain returned to Missouri. On a voyage to New Orleans down the Mississippi, the steamboat pilot, Horace E. Bixby, inspired Twain to likewise pursue a career as a steamboat pilot. Twain meticulously studied 2,000 miles (3,200 km) of the Mississippi for more than two years before he received his steamboat pilot license in 1859.

Missouri was a slave state and considered by many to be part of the South, and was represented in both the Confederate and Federal governments during the Civil War. When the war began, Twain and his friends formed a Confederate militia

Twain and his brother traveled for more than two weeks on a stagecoach across the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains, visiting the Mormon community in Salt Lake City along the way. These experiences became the basis of the book Roughing It, and provided material for The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County. Twain's journey ended in the silver-mining town of Virginia City, Nevada, where he became a miner. Twain failed as a miner and found work at a Virginia City newspaper, the Territorial Enterprise. On February 3, 1863, he signed a humorous travel account «LETTER FROM CARSON*.

Twain then traveled to San Francisco, California, where he continued as a journalist and began lecturing.

Twain met Charles Langdon, who showed him a picture of his sister Olivia; Twain claimed to have fallen in love at first sight. They met in 1868, were engaged a year later, and married in February 1870 in Elmira, New York. The couple lived in Buffalo, New York from 1869 to 1871. Twain owned a stake in the Buffalo Express, and worked as an editor and writer. Their son Langdon died of diphtheria at 19 months.

In 1871, Twain moved his family to Hartford, Connecticut, where starting in 1873 he arranged the building of a dramatic house for them, which local admirers saved from demolition in 1927 ai>d eventually turned into a museum focused on him.

During his years in Hartford, Twain became friends with fellow author William Dean Howells.

Twain made a second tour of Europe, described in the 1880 book A Tramp Abroad. His tour included a visit to London where, in the summer of 1900, he was the guest of newspaper proprietor Hugh Gilzean-Reid. He returned to America in 1900, having earned enough to pay off his debts.

In 1906, Twain began his autobiography in the North American Review. Oxford University awarded him a Doctorate in Letters a year later.

Twain died of a heart attack on April 21, 1910 in Redding, Connecticut, one day after the comet's closest approach to Earth.

Ex. 5, p. 91

1. G. 2. E. 3. F. 4. В. 5. H. 6. С. 7. D. 8. A.

Ex. 7, p. 92

1. You will be definitely enchanted by contemporary' music.

2. People will be accompanied by music through the ages.

3. Positive emotions will be arisen by this piece of music.

4. Own music patterns will be followed by every musician.

5. Nature will be considered as a source of inspiration by musicians.

6. Our problems will be washed away by good music.

7. The rhythm of his drum will be taped out by him.

Ex. 8, p. 92

Teenagers Listening To Music

All teenagers love music. It's often music parents hate, played at maximum decibels.

Music is a shared bond between teenagers. It gives them an identity, a feeling of belonging to a group.

I want my parents to try to be reasonable. If they shout «Turn off that ghastly noise» I will feel it's an attack on me because the teenagers love and identify with the music strongly.

Try to understand our music, even if you don't like it.

The Effects of Music on Teenagers' is enormous, they show all their emotions.

When teenagers listen to music, does it make them depressed? Does listening to music make them happy? Some people think it does affect them and others do not. Regardless if the person likes music or not it is involved some way in that person's life; whether it's by playing an instrument, listening to songs on the radio, studying music, or even by hearing a song being played in a store. When listening to music teenagers are effected by it, and music can help to change a teen's emotions, both positively and negatively.

In the human brain there is a chemical called EEG when activated, changes a person's emotions. According to a recent study, "the positive affect is associated with greater relative left frontal EEG activation and negative affect is associated with greater relative right frontal EEG activation".

Ex. 9, p. 95

1. Will be asked. 2. Were told. 3. Are usually checked. 4. Is mentioned seldom. 5. Was not allowed. 6. Was shown.

Ex. 1 (a), p. 96

1. A. 2. B. 3. С. 4. A.

Ex. 4(a), p. 98

1. B. 2. D. 3. C. 4. A.

(b) 1. Bagpipes. 2. French horn. 3. Violin. 4. Piano.

Ex. 8, p. 99

1. Cathy says that she wants to become a pop star.

2. Kyrylo says that music helps people to express themselves.

3. Svitlana says that she has always dreamt of playing the piano.

4. Kims says that she enjoys their traditional folk music.

5. Peter says that his favorite group has already recorded a new album.

6. Oksana says that she's going to participate in the school concert.

Ex. 6, p. 102

1. Has been singing. 2. Gave. 3. Took part. 4. Wanted. 5. Saw. 6. Has been dreaming. 7. Haa had.

Ex. З, p. 104

1-B. 2-D. 3-A. 4-C.

Ex. 8, p. 106

1. Went. 2. Was. 3. Sang. 4. Told. 5. Was. 6. Loved. 7. Were. 8. Knew. 9. Sang. 10. Showed. 11. Were. 12. Finished. 13. Knew. 14. Saw. 15. Was.

Ex. 3, p. 108

1. Has been built. 2. Has been found. 3. Has been awarded. 4. Has been recorded. 5. Has been attended. 6. Has been warmly received. 7. Has been used.

Ex. 4, p. 108

1 — В, Julia. 2-А, Ryan. 3 — C, Helen.

Ex. 1, p. 109

1. F. 2. F. 3. T. 4. T.

Ex. 5, p. 109

1. What have been bought as souvenirs?

2. How have new facts about music in the past been bought?

3. What have been discovered recently?

4. What about has a good report been prepared by one of my classmates?

5. Whom has a good report about modern music been prepared by?

6. What has been organized in Lviv?

7. Where has the music festival been organized?

Ex. 4, p. 111

1. Is. 2. Picked up. 3. Began. 4. Were. 5. Has Won. 6. Has toured. 7. Writes. 8. Is. 9. Has become. 10. Was.

Ex. 5, p. 111

Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (March 4, 1678 — July 28, 1741), nicknamed il Prete Rosso («The Red Priest»), was a Venetian priest and Baroque music composer, as well as a famous virtuoso violinist; he was born and raised in the Republic of Venice. The Four Seasons, a series of four violin concerti, is his best-known work and a highly popular Baroque piece.

Antonio Lucio Vivaldi was born in Venice, the capital of the Republic of Venice. He was baptized immediately after his birth at his home by the midwife. His father, Giovanni Battista, a barber before becoming a professional violinist, taught him to play violin and then toured Venice playing the violin with his young son.

Vivaldi had a medical problem that he called the tightening of the chest (probably some form of asthma). His medical problem, however, did not prevent him from learning to play the violin, composing, or taking part in many musical activities. However, he could not play wind instruments due to his lack of breath. At the age of 15 in the year of 1693, he began studying to become a priest. In 1703, at the age of 25, Vivaldi was ordained a priest and was soon nicknamed il Prete Rosso, ♦ The Red Priest», probably because of his red hair.

In September 1703, Vivaldi became maestro di violino (master of violin) at an orphanage called the Pio Ospedale della Pieta (Devout Hospital of Mercy) in Venice.

Shortly after his appointment, the orphans began to gain appreciation and esteem abroad, too; Vivaldi wrote most of his concertos, cantatas, and sacred music for them. In 1704, the position of teacher of viola all'inglese was added to his duties as violin instructor.

In 1709, he lost his job. It was during these years that Vivaldi wrote much of his music, including many operas and concerti. In 1705, the first collection (Connor Cassara) of his works was published. This was a resounding success all over Europe, and was followed in 1714 by La stravaganza (Opus 4), a collection of concerti for solo violin and strings.

In February 1711, Vivaldi and his father went to Brescia, where his setting of the Stabat Mater (RV 621) was played as part of a religious festival. In 1718, Vivaldi began to travel. Despite his frequent travels, the Pieta paid him to write two concerti a month for the orchestra and to rehearse with them at least five times when in Venice. The Pieta's records show that he was paid for 140 concerti between 1723 and 1733.

In 1717 or 1718, Vivaldi was offered a new prestigious position as Maestro di Cappella of the court of the prince Phillip of Hesse-Darmstadt, governor of Mantua. He moved there for three years and produced several operas. He was in Milan, presenting the pastoral drama La Silvia and again the next year with the oratorio L'adorazione. The next big step was a move to Rome in 1722, where his operas introduced the new style and where the new pope Benedict XIII invited Vivaldi to play for him. In 1725, he returned to Venice, where he produced four operas in the same year.

It is also in this period that he wrote the Four Seasons, four violin concertos depicting natural scenes in music. During his time in Mantua Vivaldi became acquainted with an aspiring young singer, Anna Tessieri Giro, who was to become his student, protiigHe, and favorite prima donna. Anna, along with her older half-sister Paolina, became part of Vivaldi's entourage and regularly accompanied him on his many travels.

In 1730, accompanied by his father, he traveled to Vienna and Prague, where his opera Farnace was presented. Vivaldi's life, like those of many composers of the time, ended in financial difficulties. On July 28 he was buried in a simple grave at the Hospital Burial Ground in Vienna. Vivaldi's funeral took place at St. Stephen's Cathedral, where the young Joseph Haydn was then a choir boy.

Ex. 1, p. 113

1 -a. 2-b. 3-a.

Ex. 2, p. 113

1. Two tickets were bought to the concert yesterday.

2. A new disc will be brought by my friend tomorrow.

3. Musical instruments are sold in this shop.

4. This famous violin has been stolen recently.

5. This opera will be staged at the beginning of the next

6. Musical festivals are often participated by my mother.

Ex.3, p. 113

1. Is played. 2. Studied. 3. Is loved. 4. Has been composed. 5. Will be opened. 6. Greeted.

Ex. 4, p. 114

1. This film has already been seen by our class.

2. Have you ever been to the Opera House?

3. He has never played the flute.

4. We have already listened to the new hit of Ruslana.

5. Has your mood been improved by this music?

6. I have been taken to the concert by my friend.

Ex. 5, p. 114

1. This concert has not been played before.

2. Has this concert been played before?

3. I was not offered a ticket to the concert of Volodymyr Hryshko.

4. Were you offered a ticket to the concert of Volodymyr Hryshko?

5. The audience didn't admire the charming music at the concert last Sunday.

6. Did the audience admire the charming music at the concert last Sunday?

7. The biography of the outstanding composer Petro Chaikovsky won't l»e told to us in English.

8. Will the biography of the outstanding composer Petro Chaikovsky be told to us in English?

9. We aren't always inspired by music. 10. Are we always inspired by music?

Ex. 4, p. 117

1. I'm slightly sensitive.

2. My friend is really hard-working.

3. I find Chinese quite difficult.

4. He isn't a rude person at all.

5. She is shy a little.

6. He is very attentive to his friends.

Ex. 6, p. 118

1. Where do you come from?

2. How big is your family?

3. What school do you study at?

4. What are your favorite school subjects?

5. What free time activities are you interested in?

6. What countries have you visited?

Ex. 7, p. 118

I am afraid it is not so easy to speak about myself. The trouble is, that I am still young, that is why there is not much to speak about.

To begin with, 1 am a person aged 13. My full name is Oksana. But surely nobody addresses me this way. They call me Ksiysha for short. 1 was born on the twenty-ninth of October 1995 to a family of a teacher and an engineer. I have a brother, 5 years my senior. 1 am happy to have an elder brother who is my best friend on the one hand and on the other-a person who is much older than myself, so 1 can always turn to him with my troubles. It is a pity there are only four of us in the family. I like big friendly families but nowadays there is a tendency to have very few children or no children at all.

I am a very busy person: I go to school, so I have'to do a lot of things-doing exercises, reading texts, cramming something by heart, doing sums, working in different studies and so on; I try to be a good daughter, I have to do some work al)out the house -cleaning, washing up, cooking; I do my best to be a true friend, so I meet my friends as often as I can possibly manage, I try to give them a helping hand if they want it, we go to parties together or just for a walk once in a while.

The next thing I'll tell you about my likes and dislikes. I have already mentioned something about what I like. Besides this I like traveling, especially by car; I enjoy walking in the forest, I am fond of drawing. What I dislike is quarrelling with people. I cannot stand rude unbalanced people who are ready to fly into rage very easily; those who do not keep their promises; those who are not punctual. That will do for all this. I think.

In conclusion I'd like to say that in future I'll manage to make a good wife, an efficient specialist, a careful mother, a good human being.

Ex. 2, p. 119

1 — С. 2 — D. 3 — A. 4 — E.


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