UNIT-3, Англійська Мова 8 клас, Л.В.Биркун
Ex. 1.2, p. 41.
1) clothes, daily activities, how they feel about the flight; 2) it gets swollen; 3) to have vitality and be fit; 4) not to float out of them; 5) so that the food wouldn't be spilled and spread all over the spaceship; 6) special space underwear and uniform. No, they don't wash them; 7) yes, they can.
Ex. 2.5, p. 43.
A Family Trip
Our family have been dreaming about a trip the whole year. At last summer came and everything was ready. We got up early in the morning, took everything we had prepared for our trip and put it into the car boot. Then we put on beachwear, got into the car and started. We had been traveling for three hours when suddenly we stuck into a traffic jam. But we didn't upset and were in a good mood looking forward to a good rest. At last we reached the beach. The sun was shining brightly and the water was very warm. We all were happy. We played beach volley-ball and mom sunbathed under the beach umbrella. She put some suntan lotion on her body not to get sunburned. Mom advised us to do the same, but we didn't. So we got red. Besides. Nick was stung by a jellyfish and it hurt him badly. He felt unhappy. Very soon our rest came to an end and we had to leave. We got into our car with all our things and went home. On our way home a disaster came. Our car broke down on the motorway and it took our dad a lot of time to mend it. So when we came home it was midnight.
Ex. 3.3, p. 45.
1. D, 2. A, 3. E, 4. F, 5. B, 6. C.
Ex. 4.2, p. 47.
1. F, 2. T, 3. T, 4. Т, 5. F, 6. F, 7. F, 8. T, 9. T.
Ex. 4.4/b, p. 48.
by the way — 2, everyone — 4, forever — 1, forward — 5, I hate it! — 6, Oh, my God! — 7, See you later! — 3, pictures — 13, Congratulations! — 8, Got to go! — 9, What's up? — 14, How is it going? — 10, laughing out loud — 11, people — 12, because — 15, I don't know — 17, Thank you — 18, on the other hand — 19, please — 20, same here — 16, Talk to you later — 21.
Ex. 4.4/c, p. 48.
• People use abbreviation to shorten certain long names, terms and notions, such as IBM (International Business Machine), DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). Sometimes people use abbreviations just to save time and efforts when speaking or writing something.
• Well, many people use them: doctors, scientists, historians, stock dealers, etc. Even ordinary people use them to shorten the words and sentences.
• It's OK to use abbreviations in different papers that are not official, in conversation, either informal or when the audience understand what the speaker is talking about.
• They not allowed in official documents, course papers and diploma papers (unless they are necessary), signs in public places and roads and other places where abbreviations may lead to misunderstanding.
Ex. 7.1, p. 53.
1. At the seaside.
2. windsurfing and fishing,
3. one person in each picture,
4. the first man is young and the second one is middle-aged,
5. in the first picture the man is windsurfing, in the second picture the man is fishing.
6. a special costume and a windsurfing are needed for the man in the first picture; a fishing line or a fishing net is needed for the second activity,
7. courage, ability to make quick decisions and overcome difficulties are needed to go windsurfing; patience is needed for fishing,
8. the result of windsurfing is getting pleasure; the result of fishing is catching fish and getting pleasure;
9. they are water activities, 10. background is different.
Ex. 8.2/a, p. 55.
1) to state the date, 2) to greet the person you're writing to, 3) to mention their last letter and something in it, 4) to give you main news, 5) to continue with your news, 6) to a reason for ending the letter, 7) to close the letter, 8) to express your feelings or wishes, 9) to sign the letter.
Ex. 8.5, p. 57.
The date is usually written in the top right-hand corner of a letter.
After the greeting coma is put.
Each part in a letter must be a new paragraph.
After the closing coma is put.
Ex. 10.2, p. 60.
1) there, 2) the week before, 3) then/at the time/right away, 4) that/the, 5) that day, 6)) the next day, 7) the day before/the previous day, 8) that morning, 9) that night, 10) the week after/the next week.
Ex. 10.3, p. 60.
1. Sara says people on that planet can be just like us.
2. Ron says he wants to make new friends there.
3. Vira says they hope to meet the aliens the next day.
4. Lin says they have a lot of work this day.
5. Megan says she will send a letter to her parents the next week.
6. Rich Spaceman states that they are proud if their team's success.
7. John Curious promises to inform us of the news the next day.
Ex. 10.4, p. 60.
1. Rich Spaceman said they were looking forward to the news from space.
2. Megan said they had taken pictures of that planet the day before.
3. Vira said she had never seen such flowers before.
4. Ron said he wanted to send a picture of that planet to his brother.
5. Ali said they were getting ready for a meeting with aliens then.
6. Sara asked us to prepare to land on that planet.
7. Megan asked not to use knives and forks in their spaceship.
Ex. 10.5, p. 60.
1) enjoyed, 2) don't know, 3) said, 4) to, 5) am, 6) this.
Ex. 11.1, p.61.
1. о, 1; 2. p, г; 3. g, q, к; 4. а, с; 5. e; 6. m, b; 7. і, d; 8. h, s; 9. n, j, f.
Ex. 11.2, p. 62.
1) bean, 2) be, 3) to, 5) is, 6) to. 7) with, 8) in, 9) at, 10) with, 11) on.