Lessons 10-11 (p.121-193), UNIT 2, Англійська Мова 8 клас, А.М.Несвіт
Ex. 4, p. 121
|Listening to music
|Going to the theatre and cinema
|Playing computer games
|Going out with friends|
Ex. 5, p. 121
1. Dan and Maksim. 2. Dan. 3. Dan. 4. Ann. 5. Ann. 6. Maksim.
Ex. 1, p. 123
1 — A. 2 — D.
Ex. 8, p. 123
Hobby is a person's favorite occupation. People usually choose hobbies according to their interests. They collect stamps, toys, coins, cars, books.
When I was a child of ten I collected dresses for my Barby. It was so interesting to draw them. My Mother helped me to sew them at first. Then I started to make them myself. At school I had a lot of girl-friends who admired my collection. Some of them liked my ideas and soon we decided to organize the club of new fashion for Barbies.
My hobby was both interesting and useful. I asked my parents to take me to the course of sewing. There I was taught how to cut out a pattern, how to join the details. At first it was so difficult but I did my best. My doll and then I had original and nice dresses. Now all Barby's clothes are in the box waiting for other children.
My hobby influenced the choice of my future career. I am going to enter the Academy of Art and Design. Having an interesting profession as well as an interesting hobby will make my life twice more interesting.
Ex. 3, p. 125
1. The weather in a certain area over many years.
2. The day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere.
3. The temperature of the air. the amount of sunshine, and rainfall, and the wind speed and directions.
4. Means it is not very hot or very cold, or very wet or too dry.
6. The wind more often comes from the south-west.
Ex. 5, p. 125
1. Does. 2. Is. 3. Is, is. 4. Does. 5. Has. 6. Is. 7. Will. 8. Have. 9. Do. 10. Are. are.
Ex. 5, p. 127
1. Ann told not to forget to take an umbrella with me because it was going to rain.
2. Steve said that it didn't usually rain hard in September there.
3. Pamela said that they didn't usually get so much snow in December.
4. Ramona told Jack not to put a warm sweater on.
5. Dennis told me that I had soaked wet and asked to give him my jacket and hat to dry.
6. Sue said that it was too windy for a picnic.
7. Mr. Stevenson said that the weather had already changed that day.
8. Mrs. Brown asked me to put the right clothes into my suitcase.
Ex. 6, p. 127
There are four seasons in a year: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Spring months are March, April and May. This season is especially welcome because everything awakens from its long winter sleep. In spring the changes in nature are especially striking: the weather is getting gradually warmer, the days got longer; the trees begin to bud and a bit later new fresh leaves appear on them. Sometimes it rains out not very hard and the rains, especially in May, are very useful for agriculture. The sun shines brightly. The grass is green and a lot of flowers peep out from the grass. They are bluebells, violets and snowdrops, the sight of which makes our hearts beat quicker. In early spring all the migratory birds begin to return. They twitter and sing sweetly on the branches of the trees.
Summer months are June, July and August. It is the hottest season of the year. Sometimes the heat is unbearable. The days are the longest. Everybody enjoys summer with its cloudless sunshine, with its gardens and meadows full of flowers. It sometimes rains and everybody enjoys warm summer rain which cools the air and lays the dust. The grass and the foliage on the trees are green again. Everything looks fresh and bright.
In summer many people leave town and spend the hottest time in the country or at the seaside. They like to go for long walks in the woods, gather Flowers, mushrooms and berries.
After summer autumn comes. The autumn months are September, October, November. The warm days of early autumn are called «Indian Summer». The fruits are ripe and may be gathered in. In autumn the days become shorter and the nights longer. The leaves turn yellow, brown and red. The earth is covered with fallen leaves. Sunny days are rare. There is either a thin continuous rain, called a drizzle or it pours and the English people say: It's raining cats and dogs. Everything looks gloomy.
The last season we are to speak about is winter. The winter months are December, January and February. The days are short and gloomy. The sky is pale. The sun shines rarely, it sets early and rises late. This is a season of snow-storms, severe frosts, bitter winds. Sometimes it is slippery and one must be careful when crossing the road. The rivers and lakes are covered with thick ice.
In conclusion we can say that spring is the season of ploughing and sowing; summer brings us berries, first fruits and vegetables; autumn is the season of harvesting — it is the season of plenty; winter is the season of preparatory work in agriculture.
Ex. 3, p. 129
1. T. 2. T. 3. T. 4. F.
Ex. 7, p. 130
She says that she has visited Scotland last year but has never been to Northern Ireland.
He says that he is English and his native language is English.
I say him to give me a book about the places of interest in Great Britain.
The teacher tells them that they will have a meeting with their friends from
My mum says that the day is going to be nice tomorrow. Sam says that there is no rain forecast for the coming week.
Ex. 6, p. 133
1. Is situated. 2. Is washed. 3. Did you read. 4. Took. 5. Were watching, rang. 6. Is known.
Ex. 2, p. 134
1. D. 2. F. 3. A. 4. C. 5. E. 6. B.
Ex. З, p. 135
1. E. 2. I. 3. S. 4. W. 5. E. 6. E. 7. I. 8. S. 9. I, S, W. 10. W.
Ex. 5, p. 136
1. Learned. 2. Do...Wear. 3. Hopes, will travel. 4. Are talking. 5. Feels, has won. 6. Have been looking. 7. Were reading, rang. 8. Had drawn, came:
Ex. 5, p. 139
1. Olena said that she wanted to visit her pen-friend who lived in Great Britain.
2. Taras said that he had never been to Northern Ireland.
3. Inna said that she was reading an interesting book about England then.
4. Petro said that he had visited Wales the previous year.
5. Ivan said that he had worn a kilt when he had been in Scotland.
6. Brian said that he would watch a rugby match the following Saturday.
Ex. 6, p. 142
The National dendrological park "Sofiyivka" is an outstanding masterpiece of landscape architecture of end of the 18-th — the beginning of the 19-th centuries, the monument of landscape architecture of Ukraine, included into the National Register of the National Culture Achievement, the museum of nature and landscape art.
In the list of 7 miracles of Ukraine, which was determined in summer of 2007, the dendrological park "Sofiyivka" reasonable was awarded first place.
The National dendrological park "Sofiyivka" NAS of Ukraine is a scientific research institution of NAS of Ukraine and has been recognized as a scientific centre. The main directions of work are plant introduction, acclimatization, biodiversity preservation, landscape park building.
At the same time, "Sofiyivka" — is a unique, romantic landscape park, a handmade monument of human genius. Not only one generation of owners has changed, though today it yields to no one in this respect owning to the efforts of the workers of all historical periods of the park. According to its maintenance and restoration works a special attention is paid to preserving and recreating the original outlook of the park with preserving historical trustworthiness of its elements accordingly to archival materials and in obedience to Florence Charter.
Annually the park is visited by about 600 thousand visitors not only from Ukraine, but all over the world. There is a fantastic and rich culture program for the guests of "Sofiyivka". First of all, there are qualified excursions which are conducted in Ukrainian, Russian, English, German, Polish and other languages. A walking tour can be varied a ride in a carriage along the alleys, exciting voyage in the underground river Aheront by boat, but also you can enjoy a voyage in the Upper and Lower ponds in the steamboat "Sofia", ferry boats, gondolas, and catamarans.
Ex.2, p. 143
1. В. 2. A. 3. С. 4. D. 5. E.
Ex. 3, p. 145
1-g, 2-h, 3-і, 4-b, 5-f, 6-е, 7-d, 8-а, 9-е.
Ex. 4, p. 145
1-е, 2-а, 3-b, 4-b, 5-е, 6-е, 7-а, 8-а.
Ex. 5, p. 146
1.—, the, —
2.—, —, —,
5. The, the
6. A, —, —, the, the
7. —, the, —
9. The, —, —, a, the, —
10. The, the, the, the, the, the, the
Ex. З, p. 148
1. F. 2. T. 3. T. 4. F. 5. T. 6. F. 7. T. 8. F.
Ex. 6, p. 148
1. Said. 2. Told. 3. Said. 4. Told. 5. Said. 6. Told.
Ex. 1, p. 150
1. The teacher says that Great Britain consists of four parts.
2. The pupil answers that he has never been to Scotland and he thinks that he will go there next year.
3. John says that he was staying at the Hilton Hotel.
4. She told us that she was in London the previous year and his friends in London sometimes invited him to spend holidays with them.
5. Ann says that she doesn't go to the south every year.
6. She claims that Severn is the longest river in Great Britain.
Ex. 2, p. 150
1. He told me that I would see my friends before I left Kyiv.
2. Ann told Mike that she was going to stay in Lviv for a month.
3. Mary told Peter that she had never visited the famous park in Uman.
4. She told me to find a few pictures of the Carpathians.
5. The teacher told us that there were many rivers in Ukraine.
6. She explained them that they had learned about he geographical position of Ukraine at the previous lesson.
Ex. 3, p. 150
1. Said. 2. Told. 3. Said. 4. Told. 5. Said. 6. Told.
Ex. 4, p. 150
1. Had. 2. Is associated. 3. Are based. 4. Is. 5. Is played. 6. Reflect. 7. Were. 8. Were associated. 9. are accompanied. 10. Are. 11. Participate. 12. Cultivate. 13. Was developed. 14. Attained. 15. Has.
Ex. 2, p. 158
1-g, 2-h, 3-е, 4-f, 5-е, 6-d, 7-а, 8-b.
Ex. 3, p. 158
1. Edits. 2. Sprang. 3. Turnips. 4. Passageway. 5. Instinct. 6. Relieved. 7. Cane. 8. Banging.
Ex. 6, p. 159
1. b. 2. c. 3. b. 4. b.
Ex. 7, p. 159
1. A-2. 2. B-4. 3. C-5. 4. D-l. 5. E-6. 6. F-3.
Ex. 9, p. 160
1. F. 2. T. 3. T. 4. F. 5. T. 6. T.
Ex. 2, p. 164
1. Schooling. 2. In advancc. 3. Argue. 4. Arrangement. 5. Rarely. 6. To care. 7. To enter. 8. To adore. 9. Fear.
Ex.4, p. 164
1. Starting school.
2. Care much, education.
3. To make the proper arrangements in advance.
4. Raised her voice.
5. Rarely, adored.
Ex.7, p. 165
1. A. 2. B. 3. C. 4. B. 5. C. 6. A.
Ex.8, p. 166
1. D. 2. B. 3. C. 4. A.
Ex. 10, p. 166
1. T. 2. F. 3. T. 4. F. 5. F. 6. T.
Ex. 11, p. 166
1. At five or even just before.
2. A brick building called Crunchem Hall Primary School.
3. A mild and quiet person who never raised her voice.
Ex. 2, p. 170
1. Chatterbox — a person who talks all the time.
2. A library — a place where there are a lot of books and you can borrow them without paying money.
3. A librarian — a person who works in the library and helps you to choose books.
4. To introduce — to tell somebody your name and give some general information about you.
5. To borrow — to take something for a short period of time and then to give it back.
6. To read from cover to cover — to read from the beginning to the very end.
7. To learn by heart — to learn something (a poem, a story) so that you can remember it very well.
Ex. 3, p. 170
1. To introduce. 2. To learn by heart. 3. To borrow. 4. A chatterbox. 5. A library. 6. A librarian.
Ex. 4, p. 170
1. Chatterbox. 2. Taught. 3. Library. 4. Cover to cover. 5. Introduced. 6. Borrow.
Ex.6, p. 171
1. A. 2. C. 3. B. 4. A.
Ex. 8, p. 171
1. С. 2. D. 3. В. 4. A.
Ex. 9, p. 180
1. В. 2. D. 3. H. 4. С. 5. G. 6. E. 7. F. 8. A.
Ex. 10, p. 180
1. He played wrong.
2. She was really good at playing the cello.
Ex. 2, p. 184
1. E. 2. H. 3. G. 4. C. 5. I. 6. A. 7. D. 8. F. 9. B.
Ex. 3, p. 184
1. Gave up the idea. 2. Sincerely. 3. Was extremely apt for. 4. An acting technique. 5. An encore. 6. Nightingale. 7. Managed to. 8. To persuade.
Ex. 5, p. 185
1. В. 2. С. 3. A. 4. С. 5. A. 6. С. 7. С. 8. В.
Ex.6, p. 186
Ex.8, p. 186
1. T. 2. F. 3. T. 4. T. 5. F. 6. F. 7. T. 8. T.
Ex. 9, p. 187
1. She was talented and hard-working.
2. In striving to radiate love.
Ex. 9, p. 172
Ex. 10, p. 172
1. T. 2. T. 3. T. 4. F. 5. T. 6. F.
Ex. 12, p. 172
1. By the age of one and a half her speech was perfect and she knew as many words as most grown-ups.
2. Because she could read a lot of interesting books.
Ex. 2, p. 177
1. D. 2. E. 3. F. 4. G. 5. A. 6. I. 7. B. 8. C. 9. H.
Ex.3, p. 177
1. The conductor, an audition. 2. Measures. 3. Triangle. 4. Stand partner. 5. Stick. 6. Bars, trombone. 7. The Rehearsal. 8. Charged.
Ex. 5, p. 178
1. В. 2. В. 3. A. 4. В. 5. A. 6. С. 7. В. 8. В.
Ex. 7, p. 179
1. F. 2. T. 3. T. 4. F. 5. T. 6. T. 7. F. 9. T.
Ex.8, p. 179
3. Playing the Hawaiian guitar, studying the English language and literature, mathematics and programming, acting techniques.
4. Play the guitar, trombone, ukulele.
5. A writer and write novels or poems.
6. She first appeared on stage in a serious show.
7. In her easy-going life, she is not afraid of being herself, not afraid of experiments and she trusts her own views.
8. "I have always dreamt to do something of importance in my life. Sometimes it seems to me that I want to become something like Mona Lisa, Indira Gandhi and Mother Teresa at the same time".
Ex. 2, p. 191
1. H. 2. D. 3. E. 4. F. 5. G. 6. B. 7. A. 8. C.
Ex. 3, p. 191
1. Hatchet. 2. Pouch, shots, powder. 3. Savages. 4. Pen, Stakes. 5. Vines.
Ex. 5, p. 191
1. В. 2. С. 3. В. 4. В. 5. А. 6. В.
Ex. 7, p. 192
1. g. 2. е. 3. d. 4. с. 5. f. 6. b. 7. a.
Ex. 8, p. 193
Ex. 10, p. 193
1. large, open fields, green with grass and sweet with flowers, fine woods with many strange trees and vines, many green parrots.
2. This side of the island was much more beautiful than that where his castle